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O! I have suffered

With those that I saw suffer. A brave vessel

(Who had, no doubt, some noble creature in her)

Dash’d all to pieces! O, the cry did knock

Against my very heart. Poor souls, they perish’d.

 Had I been any God of power, I would

Have sunk the sea within the earth or ere

It should the good ship so have swallow’d, and

The fraughting souls within her.

(I). Where is Miranda? What has she seen that makes her suffer?

ANS: Miranda is on the island before Prospero’s cell. Seeing people in the ship frightened and ship shallowed by the sea waves maker her suffer.

(II) Name some of the noble creatures referred to in the extract. How were they in the brave vessel.

ANS: The noble creature referred to in the extract are Alonso(King of Naples),Ferdinand(Alonso’s son),Sebastian, Gonzalo, Antonio(usurping duke of milan), etc. They were returning from abroad after Alonso’s daughter marraige in the brave vessel.

(III) Describe the nature of Miranda from the extract.

ANS: Miranda is one of the most charming feminine creation of shakespeare.Her most conspicious quality is “Symphatitic nature”.She is emotional and has good feeling for others

(IV) How is the brave vessel about to be dashed to pieces? Who is responsible for the destruction? Why would he do such destruction?

ANS: The storm or tempest is the reason for the brave vessel to be dashed to pieces. Prospero is responsible for the destruction. He did such a destruction to reform his enemies and teach them a lesson to make them realise the wrong deed they have done to Prospero.

(V) Why is Miranda ignorant of who Prospero was? Which items were necessary for Prospero to practice his magic art?

ANS: Miranda was ignorant of who Prospero was because when his dukedom was taken away from him, she was only three years old.Being so young ,it was not possible to recall all the things which happened 12 years ago. The items necessary for Prospero to practice magic were his books and his cloak.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) Dashed: wrecked
(b) fraughting: passenger


MIRANDA. O woe the day!

PROSPERO. No harm:

I have done nothing, but in care of thee

(Of thee my dear one, thee my daughter), who

Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing

Of whence I am, nor that I am more better

 Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,

And thy no greater father.

MIRANDA. More to know

Did never meddle with my thoughts.

PROSPERO. ’Tis time

I should inform thee farther. Lend thy hand,

And pluck my magic garment from me. So,

(I).Why does Miranda say, “O, woe the day”? How does Prospero console her?

ANS: Miranda said “O woe the day” by noticing the shipwreck and by seeing the suffering of the passenger on the ship. Prospero consoles her by saying there was no harm to passengers on the ship and everyone is safe.

(II) Why is Miranda ignorant of who she is? What does she remember of her childhood days?

ANS: Miranda is ignorant of who she is because she was only three old when she was brought to this island. She remembered that she had four pr five maids to attend upon her.

(III) How did Prospero and Miranda reach a particular place?

ANS: Prospero and Miranda reached the particular place as a result of great injustice done to them but it was a blessing that they were helped to reached safely.

(IV) Who had helped them? What did the helper do?

ANS: Gonzalo an honest old counsellor helped them. He kept some food and some fresh water,costly clothes,linens,goods,and essential commodities,and books which value more than my dukedom.

(V) Why did Prospero say:
“I am more better
Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,
And thy no greater father”?

ANS: Prospero said this to hint Miranda that he is not common man.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) meddle: enter
(b) pluck: take off


PROSPERO. Both, both, my girl.

 By foul play (as thou say’st) were we heav’d thence,

But blessedly holp hither.

MIRANDA. O, my heart bleeds

To think o’ th’ teen that I have turn’d you to,

 Which is from my remembrance! Please you, farther.

PROSPERO. My brother and thy uncle, call’d Antonio—

I pray thee mark me—that a brother should

Be so perfidious!

(I).What two reasons does Prospero give in the extract for their coming to their destination? What was the foul play referred to in the extract?

ANS: (i) The following are the two reasons that Prospero give for their coming to the island:

a) They were thrown out by a foul play.

b) It was a blessing in disguise that that they have reached the island.
Prospero was the rightful Duke of Milan. He had great interest in the study of philosophy and magic and left the control of the state’s affairs in the hands of his brother Antonio. He grew ambitious and in order to usurp his dukedom, he made a secret deal with the king of Naples. Then, one night Prospero and his daughter were ousted from the palace. They were put aboard a small, rickety boat with no mast nor sails and were left to die in the sea.

(II).Why was Prospero’s coming to the new place a blessing in disguise? What does Prospero’s thinking show about his character?

ANS: Prospero and Miranda had survived and found exile on a small island. He has learned sorcery from books, and uses it while on the island to protect Miranda and control the other characters. Prospero’s sorcery is sufficiently powerful to control Ariel and other spirits, as well as to alter weather and even raise the dead: “Graves at my command have waked their sleepers, oped, and let ’em forth, by my so potent Art.”- Act V, scene 1. On the island, Prospero becomes master of the monster Caliban (the son of Sycorax, a malevolent witch) and forces Caliban into submission by punishing him with magic if he does not obey. Ariel is beholden to Prospero after he is freed from his imprisonment inside the pine tree. Prospero’s thinking shows that he is a generous.

(III).State what Prospero had done for his brother?

ANS: Prospero loved his brother more than anybody else expect Mirandain world. He gave up all responsibilities and entrusted him the management of state which was foremost among the principalities.

(IV).How did the brother prove to be ungrateful to him?

ANS: Antonio proved to be ungrateful to Prospero as his brother Antonio made an alliance with the King of Naples and drove off Prospero and Miranda from Dukedom of Milan.

(V).How was Prospero unparalleled to others in dignity and learning in those days?

ANS: Prospero ignored all the wordly interest.He was devoted to his private life and to the progress of his mind with studies which were more than all excessive popular praise.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) heaved: removed
(b) perfidious: treacherous


PROSPERO. Being once perfected how to grant suits,

 How to deny them, who t’ advance and who

To trash for overtopping, new created

The creatures that were mine, I say, or chang’d ’em,

Or else new form’d ’em; having both the key

Of officer and office, set all hearts i’ th’ state

 To what tune pleas’d his ear, that now he was

The ivy which had hid my princely trunk,

And suck’d my verdure out on’t. Thou attend’st not!

(I).What did Prospero assign to be done by Antonio? Why did the former do it?

ANS: Prospero – The play’s protagonist, and father of Miranda.Loyalty and betrayal are both minor themes linked to the more prominent themes of servitude versus freedom, in the Tempest.Antonio betrayed his brother and stole the dukedom of Milan from him while he (Prospero) was studying. Being the loyal man that he is, Prospero did not expect his brother evil grab for power.

(II).How has Antonio new created the creatures” that were Prospero’s?

ANS: Antonio newly created the creature that were of prospero with the help of his authority .They all were threatened byAntonio and dared not to go against his will as a result no person was left on side of prospero

(III).How did Antonio deal with the old officeholders? How did he train his new officeholders?

ANS: Antonio was rude with his old officeholders who were mostly against his decision. He trained his new officeholders in such a way that it would be easier for him to take over the dukedom from Prospero.

(IV).Explain in what way was Antonio like an ivy.

ANS: Antonio is the evil brother of Prospero, the duke, in the play Tempest of Shakespeare. He cheated his own brother and captured the throne in his absence. Prospero tells Miranda that his uncle Antonio is like an Ivy tree full of poison. He compares that just like a poisonous Ivy tree, Antonio sucked the powers and vitality of Prospero.

(V). By excluding the material given in the extract above, state how Antonio got control of the dukedom.

ANS: Prospero was once the rightful Duke of Milan. When Prospero was busy studying his beloved books, “rapt in secret studies”, his brother Antonio was busy scheming to usurp the thrown from under him. Antonio arranged to have Prospero and Miranda killed, many who liked Prospero, arranged to have them set adrift in the ocean

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) suits: petitions
(b) advance: promote


MIRANDA. Your tale, sir, would cure deafness.

PROSPERO. To have no screen between this part he


And him he play’d it for, he needs will be

Absolute Milan—me (poor man) my library

 Was dukedom large enough: of temporal royalties

He thinks me now incapable; confederates

(So dry he was for sway) wi’ th’ King of Naples

To give him annual tribute, do him homage,

Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend

 The dukedom yet unbow’d (alas, poor Milan!)

To most ignoble stooping.

(I).What is meant by Absolute Milan? What is the extract shows that Antonio has become Absolute Milan.

ANS: The words Absolute Milan in the play, Tempest by William Shakespeare, means Duke of Milan or the absolute or only power of the dukedom of Milan. In the play, Antonio was considered to be the Absolute Milan. This is apparent when Prospero narrates the family history and about Antonio’s behavior to his daughter Miranda When Prospero, who was the actual Duke of Milan was in exile, Antonio took charge of the power and responsibilities of the Milan dukedom. Soon, Antonio became very ambitious and greed of power and he started to behave like the actual duke or the absolute power of the dukedom and betrayed his own brother. Hence he was referred to as the absolute Milan.

(II).What did Antonio think of Prospero’s library?

ANS: Antonio thought of Prospero’s library as a leverage to overthrow him and take over as the Duke of Milan. Prospero was engrossed in his books to attain knowledge and was ignorent of matters outside his library. He appointed Antonio as a temporary Duke of take care of Milan. Antonio became power hungry because of this and desired to be the permanent Duke of Milan. He considered Prospero as incompetent and while Prospero was busy in his books, Antonio teamed up with the king of Naples and conspired against Prospero.

(III).What was the relationship earlier between King of Naples and Prospero? Now, what is the relationship between Naples and Milan?

ANS: King of Naples and Prospero were each other’s enemy. Now Antonio is the present king of Milan, so they both have become good friends as they conspired against Prospero together

(IV).What is the most ignoble snooping? How did Antonio cause the ignoble snooping?

( ANS: It means Antonio has signed an treaty with Alonso to to pay him annual tribute, would show respect due to a superior, would accept a position of subordination to him and bring the dukedom of Milan under the control of Naples.

(V).Narrate what harm the King of Naples has done to Milan?

ANS: King of Naples signed an contract with Antonio to pay him annual tribute, would show respect due to a superior, would accept a position of subordination to him and bring the dukedom of Milan under the control of Naples.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) royalties: rights granted by monarch authority
(b) sway: contract


PROSPERO. Well demanded, wench;

 My tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst not,

So dear the love my people bore me; nor set

A mark so bloody on the business; but

With colors fairer painted their foul ends.

In few, they hurried us aboard a bark,

 Bore us some leagues to sea; where they prepared

A rotten carcass of a butt, not rigg’d,

Nor tackle, sail, nor mast, the very rats

Instinctively have quit it. There they hoist us,

To cry to th’ sea, that roar’d to us; to sigh

(I).To whom is Prospero speaking? What is “well demanded”?

ANS: Prospero is speaking to Miranda. The thing that is well demanded is Miranda’s question that was’ why didn’t that enemy killed us, that time.

(II).Why didn’t the enemies of Prospero get rid of him?

ANS: The foes of Prospero didn’t execute or dispose of him, since his kin cherished him a ton, in light of the fact that Prospero has earned some poise and regard from his kin and that is the reason they were not murdered, rather they were exiled from Milan. 

(III).What did the enemies do to Prospero?

ANS: The enemies of Prospero King of Naples(Alonso), Antonio plotted against him and took away Milan from Prospero while banishing him.

(IV).What is a rotten carcass of a butt? Why is it called so? Describe the condition of the butt.

ANS: “Spoiled Carcass of the butt” is a spoiled body of the vessel. The body is body on the grounds that the state of the vessel was most noticeably terrible. The pontoon was not having tackle soil, it was little to the point that it didn’t have the space for the little rodents. 

(V).Describe how the sea and its surroundings reacted to the anxiety of Prospero and Miranda?

ANS: From the encompassing, they could make out that the ocean was thundering for them, the breeze was murmuring for them. It was looking as though the breezes and ocean tides were having sympathy for them yet at the same time they were doing mischief to Prospero and Miranda in adoration.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) provokes: Invite
(b) rigged: stubborn


MIRANDA. How came we ashore?

PROSPERO. By Providence divine.

 Some food we had, and some fresh water, that

A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,

Out of his charity, who being then appointed

Master of this design, did give us, with

Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries,

 Which since have steaded much; so, of his gentleness,

Knowing I lov’d my books, he furnish’d me

From mine own library with volumes that

I prize above my dukedom.

(I).Where are Miranda and Prospero? How did they reach the shore?

ANS: They both are on the island, they come here when Prospero’s brother expelled him from his dukedom in an effort to a successful usurp of the thrown.

(II).Who was Gonzalo? How can you say that Gonzalo was the man with some concern for Prospero?

ANS: Gonzalo was an old counsellor at the court of the King of Alonso. At the time of Prospero banishment, Gonzalo helped Prospero not only by providing basic necessities but also provided him books which he valued more than his dukedom, clothes, food, etc.

(III).What did Gonzalo provide Prospero with for the journey?

ANS: Gonzalo not only provided them ample provision on boat, but also provided Prospero with his books, which he valued a lot.

(IV).What was above Prospero’s dukedom, among the things provided by Gonzalo? How did Prospero make use of it?

ANS: Prospero’s books were above his dukedom. He used the books for learning magic, later on, Prospero used his magic books to take revenge from his enemies

(V).Why did Prospero bring his enemies to the island?

ANS: Prospero brought his enemies to the island to take revenge from them, with the help of Ariel.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) steaded: helped
(b) prize: given as reward


ARIEL. To every article.

I boarded the King’s ship; now on the beak,

Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin,

I flam’d amazement: Sometime I’ld divide,

And burn in many places; on the topmast,

 The yards and boresprit, would I flame distinctly,

Then meet and join. Jove’s lightning, the precursors

O’ th’ dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary

And sight-outrunning were not; the fire and cracks

Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune

 Seem to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble,

Yea, his dread trident shake.

(I). What did Ariel do as the spirit of fire?

ANS: Ariel as the soul wrecked the King’s Ship. He broke the forward portion of the boat. He consumed like a fire and caused wonder. He consumed the highest and numerous different pieces of the boat. 

(II).How did Ariel show that he was active in his operation?

ANS: Ariel indicated his liveliness in his activity by depicting the shock brought about by him to the travelers abroad the boat. 

(III).Who is Jove? How are Jove’s lightning and thunder-claps described by Ariel in the extract?

ANS: Jove or Jupiter is the preeminent God of Roman folklore. His central weapon the thunderclap and lightning. Jove’s lightning and thunderbolts are portrayed by Ariel as harbingers of the horrendous thunderbolts were not increasingly unexpected. 

(IV).Who is Neptune? What role did Neptune play in creating havoc on the sea?

ANS: Neptune is the God of the ocean, his main weapon is Arident. Neptune’s sulfurous thundering appears to assault and make his striking waves tremble. 

(V).A little later, what does Ariel accused of? How do you know that Prospero is fond of Ariel and his services?

ANS: Ariel denounced Prospero in light of the fact that as in the concentrate it is seen that he says” tho dest give me torments”, he additionally says” than didst guarantee to chomp me an entire year”.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) precursors: harbingers
(b) besiege: attack


ARIEL. Safely in harbor

Is the King’s ship; in the deep nook, where once

Thou call’dst me up at midnight to fetch dew

From the still-vex’d Bermoothes, there she’s hid;

 The mariners all under hatches stowed;

Who, with a charm join’d to their suff’red labor,

I have left asleep; and for the rest o’ th’ fleet

(Which I dispers’d), they all have met again,

And are upon the Mediterranean float

 Bound sadly home for Naples,

Supposing that they saw the King’s ship wrack’d,

And his great person perish.

PROSPERO. Ariel, thy charge

Exactly is perform’d; but there’s more work.

What is the time o’ th’ day?

(I).Where is the King’s ship?

ANS: The King’s boat is in the harbor, in the profound corner, upset by tempest(storm). 

(II).Where is Bermoothes? Why is it still vexed? Why did Ariel go there earlier?

ANS: Bermoothes is a gathering of the island. Bermoothes as it is upset by the tempest. 

(III).Where are the mariners? Where are the rest of the fleet?

ANS: The sailors are beneath the armada of the boat. The remainder of the armada are shown by Ariel. Through his enchantment, they all have met again and are at the Mediterranean ocean. 

(IV).What did the people in the rest of the fleet think about the king and his ship?

ANS: The individuals in the remainder of the armada came back to Naples imagining that the boat could have been destroyed and individuals alongside lord would have kicked the bucket. 

(V).What work will be assigned further to Ariel in the near future?

ANS: The following significant errand to be doled out further to Ariel was to proceed to make yourself resemble an ocean fairy, and be imperceptible to everybody other than to me and yourself.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) still-vexed: agaited
(b) dispersed: hide


PROSPERO. This blue-eyed hag was hither brought with child

 And here was left by th’ sailors. Thou, my slave,

As thou report’st thyself, was then her servant,

And for thou wast a spirit too delicate

To act her earthy and abhorr’d commands,

Refusing her grand hests, she did confine thee,

 By help of her more potent ministers,

And in her most unmitigable rage,

Into a cloven pine, within which rift

Imprison’d, thou didst painfully remain

A dozen years

(I).Who is the blue-eyed hag? From where did she come to the island? What is said about her earlier in the scene?

ANS: Sycorax witch is the blue-peered toward witch. She went to the island from Algier. Prior, it was said about her that she was tossed out Algier for carrying out violations and for performing awful enchantment. 

(II).What was the relationship between Ariel and the old hag? Why was she annoyed with Ariel?

ANS: Ariel was the worker of Sycorax, she was irritated by Ariel on the grounds that he doesn’t use to follow her malevolent orders, so she caught him in a pine tree. 

(III).How did the old hag punish Ariel? How long was Ariel held by her spell?

ANS: Sycorax caught Ariel in a pine tree. Ariel was held there for twelve of years. 

(IV).In what condition did Prospero find Ariel? How did he threaten Ariel if the latter murmured against the former?

ANS: Prospero discovered Ariel inside the pine tree crying in torment throughout the previous twelve years. Prospero compromised Ariel by revealing to him that he would again trap him in the pine tree on the off chance that he doesn’t follow his orders. 

(V).Who liberated Ariel from his punishment? What conditions were put on Ariel after liberating him?

ANS: Prospero freed Ariel from his discipline with the condition that he needs to follow his orders and work for him.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) abhorred: hateful
(b) unmitigable: heartless


CALIBAN. I must eat my dinner.

This island’s mine by Sycorax my mother,

Which thou tak’st from me. When thou cam’st first,

Thou strok’st me and madest much of me, wouldst give


Water with berries in’t, and teach me how

 To name the bigger light, and how the less,

That burn by day and night; and then I lov’d thee

And show’d thee all the qualities o’ th’ isle,

The fresh springs, brine-pits, barren place and fertile.

Curs’d be I that did so!

(I).Where was Caliban before Prospero arrived on the island? Give any three characteristics traits of Caliban?

ANS: Caliban was on a similar island as he was the local of the island. He was an extraordinary soul, called a half beast and half soul, and he is engaged with the abhorrent deeds of his mom. 

(II).How has Caliban served Prospero? Describe how Caliban was treated by Prospero in the beginning.

ANS: Caliban has served Prospero by helping him to continue his life on that island by getting logs and doing other humble assignments. In starting Prospero rewarded him pleasantly, he used to show him language and signs. 

(III).What did Prospero teach him? State the outcome of his teaching.

ANS: Prospero showed him language and finishes paperwork for discussion, yet later on Caliban began reviling Prospero and talking merciless of him. 

(IV).What did Caliban show to Prospero? What was more useful for survival on the island-what Prospero taught Caliban or what Caliban taught Prospero? Why?

ANS: When Prospero was new to this island Caliban gave him all the highlights of the island, for example, freshwater springs, saltwater pits, puts that were useful for developing things and that weren’t. The essential necessities for endurance on the island are food, water and living securely. Prospero instructed Caliban dialects with the goal that he can impart, though Caliban gave him things that were vital for carrying on with a real existence. 

(V). Which group of people did Caliban represent according to the Elizabethan audience? What was popularly believed about such people whom Caliban represented?

ANS: Caliban spoke to the gathering of savage, and was at the base of the Elizabethan social chain of command being unrefined, untamed and uncultivated. It was famously accepted about such individuals that they saw minimal social worth.

(VI).Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage:

(a) strokes: petted
(b) brine-pits: salt pits


Prospero. Abhorred slave,

Which any print of goodness wilt not take,

Being capable of all ill! I pitied thee,

Took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour

 One thing or other. When thou didst not, savage,

Know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like 

A thing most brutish, I endow’d thy purposes

With words that made them known. But thy vile race

(Though thou didst learn) had that in’t which good


 Could not abide to be with; therefore wast thou

Deservedly confined into this rock,

Who hadst deserved more than a prison.

(I).What has Caliban said due to which Prospero is annoyed with him?

ANS: Caliban said to Prospero that it was a serious mix-up of him that he helped him and did anything he desired, he says that let every detestable spell of Sycorax hurt him with frogs and bats. 

(II).Why did Prospero pity Caliban? What did the former do to improve the condition of the latter?

ANS: Prospero feels pitty on Caliban in light of the fact that he was not even in a condition to talk. Prospero helped him in improving his condition by showing him how to talk and showed him new things consistently when he couldn’t communicate Prospero gave him words.

(III).What was the outcome of Prospero’s effort to teach him?

ANS: The result of Prospero’s push to instruct Caliban was that he utilized it to revile Prospero and tear down him. 

(IV).Where was Caliban confined? Why?

ANS: Caliban was limited in the cavern since it was the most appropriate spot for him to live as opposed to a jail. 

(V).In what way was Caliban a man in a non-civilized condition?

ANS: Caliban was a non-humanized man since he was not realizing how to talk, in truth later on he was educated by Prospero how to talk and express, he was in this condition since he was the child of a witch Sycorax, who was constantly associated with shades of malice rehearses.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) abhorred: distinguish
(b) brutish: cruel


CALIBAN. You taught me language, and my profit on’t

Is, I know how to curse. The red-plague rid you

 For learning me your language!

PROSPERO. Hag-seed, hence!

Fetch us in fuel, and be quick, thou’rt best,

To answer other business. Shrug’st thou, malice?

If thou neglect’st or dost unwillingly

What I command, I’ll rack thee with old cramps,

 Fill all thy bones with aches, make thee roar

That beasts shall tremble at thy din.

CALIBAN. No, pray thee.

[Aside.] I must obey. His art is of such pow’r,

It would control my dam’s god, Setebos,

And make a vassal of him.

(I).What was the outcome of teaching language to Caliban?

ANS: The result of instructing language to Caliban was that he began reviling Prospero and he additionally wishes a red plague to Prospero for showing him the language. 

(II).What is meant by Hag-seed? What work does Prospero assign to Caliban? Do you approve of the way Prospero treats him? Give a reason for your answer.

ANS: Hag-seed implies disappear. Prospero relegated Caliban to convey wood, new saline solution pits if desolate and other fundamental things. Indeed, I endorse the way Caliban is treated by Prospero on the grounds that Caliban’s discourse mirrors his malevolent nature, and he won’t be moved by benevolence. 

(III).What would be the punishment for Caliban, in case he disobeys Prospero?

ANS: The discipline for Caliban would be that Prospero would torture him with seven spasms and fill his bones with torment and make if thunder so noisily that it will even surprise the wild brute. 

(IV).Who is Setebos? What does Caliban say about the power of Prospero at the end of the extract?

ANS: Setebos is a wicked god that was adored by Sycorax and Caliban. Caliban says that he should obey Prospero and his mystical forces since his forces are solid to the point that he could likewise torture his mom’s God Setebos and make a captive of him. 

(V).Compare the character of Caliban with that of Ariel.

ANS: Though Caliban and Ariel are the two inverse substances from multiple points of view. However, they have one significant similitude, the two of them speak to common powers which help Prospero. Both are miserable about it in light of the fact that Ariel needs opportunity from Prospero and Caliban needs to be the leader of the island.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) rack: torment
(b) vassal: slave


FERDINAND. The ditty does remember my drown’d


This is no mortal business, nor no sound

That the earth owes. I hear it now above me.

PROSPERO. The fringed curtains of thine eye advance,

 And say what thou seest yond.

MIRANDA. What, is’t a spirit?

Lord, how it looks about! Believe me, sir,

It carries a brave form. But ’tis a spirit.

PROSPERO. No, wench, it eats and sleeps, and hath

such senses

As we have—such. This gallant which thou seest

 Was in the wrack; and, but he’s something stain’d

With grief (that’s beauty’s canker), thou mightst call


A goodly person. He hath lost his fellows,

And strays about to find ’em.

(I).What is a ditty? Who actually produces the ditty? What does it state?

ANS: ‘Ditty’ means a song, it was produced by Ariel. It states that it reminds Ferdinand of his dead father

(II).What does Ferdinand say about the source of the ditty?

ANS: Ferdinand says that the sound of ditty reminds him of his father because he thinks that his father is dead.

(III).What does Miranda see? What does she think of what she sees?

ANS: Miranda saw Ferdinand. When Miranda saw Ferdinand just because she imagined that Ferdinand was a soul, as she has never observed a man on this island aside from her dad and the terrible beast. 

(IV).What does Prospero say to correct what Miranda says?

ANS: Prospero says to Miranda that “No young lady, It eats and dozes and has such human sense as we do”, and he is one of them who was there in the wreck. 

(V).In what way is Ferdinand introduced romantically to Miranda?

ANS: When Ferdinand and Miranda saw each other they felled in affection, and Ferdinand says that he needs Miranda to be the sovereign of Naples.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) ditty: song
(b) gallant: fine gentleman


MIRANDA. I might call him

A thing divine, for nothing natural

 I ever saw so noble. 

PROSPERO. [Aside.] It goes on, I see,

As my soul prompts it. Spirit, fine spirit, I’ll free thee

Within two days for this.

FERDINAND. Most sure, the goddess

On whom these airs attend! Vouchsafe my pray’r

May know if you remain upon this island,

 And that you will some good instruction give

How I may bear me here. My prime request,

Which I do last pronounce, is (O you wonder!)

If you be maid, or no?

(I).Where are Miranda and Prospero? Whom does Miranda wish to call “a thing divine”? What does she want to call him so?

ANS: Miranda and Prospero were on a similar island. Miranda calls Ferdinand ‘a thing divine’ since she had not seen a man in life aside from his dad, and Caliban so she fells in affection with Ferdinand. 

(II).To whom is Prospero speaking in the extract? What is “it” that goes on as Prospero’s soul prompts it?

ANS: Prospero is addressing himself in this concentrate. Here “it” is alluded to Ariel that goes on as Prospero’s spirit prompts it. 

(III).Who is the goddess referred to by Ferdinand? Why does he call her a goddess?

ANS: Miranda is alluded to Goddess by Ferdinand, as Miranda’s excellence has caught Ferdinand’s brain, eyes, and soul. Actually, Ferdinand has begun to look all starry eyed at Miranda. 

(IV).What does Ferdinand request the goddess to do for him?

ANS: Ferdinand demands the goddess to disclose to him, how he ought to carry on this island? He additionally asks Miranda whether she is a young lady or something different. 

(V).The phenomenon known as dramatic irony happens when the audience knows the reality but the character on the stage does not know it. Hence, there is humour in such situations. Explain the dramatic irony found in the extract.

ANS: In this concentrate, the entire crowd knows about the way that Alonso and others are alive however Ferdinand didn’t know about this.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) airs: melody
(b) prime: principal


FERDINAND. O, if a virgin,

And your affection not gone forth, I’ll make you

 The Queen of Naples. 

PROSPERO. Soft, sir, one word more.

[Aside.] They are both in either’s pow’rs; but this swift


I must uneasy make, lest too light winning

Make the prize light.—One word more: I charge thee

That thou attend me. Thou dost here usurp

 The name thou own’st not, and hast put thyself

Upon this island as a spy, to win it

From me, the lord on’t.

FERDINAND. No, as I am a man.

(I).Where are Ferdinand and Miranda? Who else is with them.

ANS: Ferdinand and Miranda are on the same island. Prospero is also along with them.

(II).Under what conditions would Ferdinand make Miranda the queen of Naples? Is he at present the King of Naples? Why?

ANS: Ferdinand would make Miranda, sovereign of Naples just on the off chance that she is a virgin and on the off chance that she has not given his heart to some other man. Truly, he is the King of Naples as he had expected that his dad Antonio is dead. 

(III).Who are they(line 5) and how are they in either’s powers?

ANS: They are alluded here for Miranda and Ferdinand. They are in either’s capacity, as the two of them have experienced passionate feelings for one another. 

(IV).What is “swift business”? What does Prospero want to do with the swift business? Why?

ANS: Swift business is here alluded to as the adoration among Ferdinand and Miranda. Prospero needed to raise a little ruckus between them with the goal that they welcome the estimation of their adoration. 

(V).What does Prospero accuse Ferdinand of? What reply does Ferdinand give to his accusation? State how you can conclude from Prospero’s speech that he is a good father.

ANS: Prospero denounced Ferdinand since he was considering himself with such a name, that doesn’t have a place with him. He says that to Ferdinand that you are spies, who had come here to grab this island from him. Prospero is a decent dad since he needs her girl to get a genuine sweetheart, who cherishes her little girl a great deal.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) affection: love, devotion
(b) usurp: take something wrongfully


PROSPERO. Follow me.

Speak not you for him; he’s a traitor.—Come,

I’ll manacle thy neck and feet together.

Sea-water shalt thou drink; thy food shall be

The fresh-brook mussels, wither’d roots, and husks

 Wherein the acorn cradled. Follow.


I will resist such entertainment till

Mine enemy has more pow’r.

He draws, and is charmed from moving.

MIRANDA. O dear father,

Make not too rash a trial of him, for

He’s gentle, and not fearful.

(I).To whom does Prospero forbid to speak in the second line of the extract? Why?

ANS: Prospero restricts to speak Ferdinand in the second line of the concentrate on the grounds that Prospero is viewed as a deceiver. 

(II).What punishment is Prospero giving to Ferdinand?

ANS: Prospero said that on the off chance that he will talk he will chain his neck and feet together and he will just give him seawater to drink and he will just get him shell-fish as food to eat and dried roots and husk which once contained the acron. 

(III).How does Ferdinand challenge Prospero? How does Prospero subdue Ferdinand?

ANS: Ferdinand challenges Prospero by saying that he won’t submit to the treatment until his adversary ends up being more remarkable than him. Prospero stifled Ferdinand by saying that he will just put a demonstration of grit. 

(IV).How does Miranda react to the treatment given to Ferdinand? What does it show about her character?

ANS: Miranda says to her dad, kindly don’t let him experience such extreme test, for he is delicate and innocuous. This shows Miranda had an incredible dedication to her dad. 

(V).Is Prospero really harsh to Ferdinand? Why?

ANS: Yes, Prospero is extremely unforgiving to Ferdinand on the grounds that Prospero doesn’t need somebody to prevail upon her little girl’s heart so without any problem.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) withered: dry
(b) rash: hasty


FERDINAND. So they are.

My spirits, as in a dream, are all bound up.

My father’s loss, the weakness which I feel,

The wrack of all my friends, nor this man’s threats,

 To whom I am subdu’d, are but light to me,

Might I but through my prison once a day

Behold this maid. All corners else o’ th’ earth

Let liberty make use of; space enough

Have I in such a prison.

(I).Where is Ferdinand? To whom is he speaking? What is he busy doing?

ANS: Ferdinand is on a similar island where Prospero and Miranda are living. He was addressing Prospero, and he is occupied in grieving for his dad’s demise. 

(II).What inconveniences and sufferings is Ferdinand prepared to undergo in order to have a glimpse of Miranda?

ANS: Ferdinand was prepared to confront his physical shortcoming, loss of every one of his companions if gets a brief look at Miranda. 

(III).Why does Prospero treat Ferdinand harshly? By giving such treatment to him, what does Prospero intend to show?

ANS: Prospero is baffled by the loss of his realm and he accuses Ferdinand mostly for it. He gives such treatment to him since he doesn’t need Ferdinand to prevail upon her little girl so without any problem. 

(IV).What is dramatic irony? State how is dramatic irony shown in the extract above?

ANS: Dramatic incongruity is that the fact of the matter is known by the crowd yet the character in the dramatization is ignorant of it.As, in show, we realize that Alonso and others are alive however Ferdinand didn’t have any acquaintance with it. 

(V).How is the romantic plot of Ferdinand and Miranda connected to the main plot in The Tempest?

ANS: The romantic tale of Ferdinand and Miranda is another subplot, which is interconnected with the fundamental plot. It aparts give a sentimental enthusiasm for the play.

(VI). Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage

(a) wreck: the destruction of a ship
(b) subdued: manner

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